Online power and efficiency estimation of a fuel cell system for adaptive energy management designs


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Kandidayeni, M., Soleymani, M., Macias, A., Trovão, J. et Boulon, L. (2022). Online power and efficiency estimation of a fuel cell system for adaptive energy management designs. Energy Conversion and Management, 255 . Article 115324. ISSN 0196-8904 DOI 10.1016/j.enconman.2022.115324

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The temporal changes of power and efficiency in a fuel cell (FC) stack can cause malperformance in the energy management strategy (EMS) of a FC hybrid electric vehicle. Therefore, the online estimation of these physical attributes is becoming an integral part of any EMS. This paper aims to utilize a two-step method to extract the maximum power and efficiency points of a FC system online. In this respect, an online parameter estimation technique, composed of smooth variable structure filter (SVSF) and Kalman filter (KF), is utilized in the first step to estimate the parameters of a FC semi-empirical voltage model. KF generates statistically optimal estimates for a linear, well-designed system model in the existence of Gaussian noise. However, these assumptions do not always hold in real applications and can lead to unstable estimation. A practical solution to deal with these instabilities is to enforce boundaries on the state estimates through SVSF which is based on sliding mode estimation concept. Hence, unlike the other similar studies, this paper synthesizes the robustness of SVSF with the precision of KF to enhance the characteristics estimation process of a FC stack. In the second step, the updated voltage model is utilized to extract the efficiency and power curves of the real FC system. To corroborate the potential of the proposed approach, a thorough comparison with KF, as an attested estimation method, is performed. The experimental tests on a 500-W FC stack indicate the superior performance of the SVSF-KF compared to that of KF.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Energy management strategy Kalman filter Parameter estimation Proton exchange membrane fuel cell Smooth variable structure filter
Date de dépôt: 22 août 2022 13:22
Dernière modification: 09 févr. 2024 05:00
Version du document déposé: Post-print (version corrigée et acceptée)

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