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Diatoms biotechnology: various industrial applications for a greener tomorrow

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Sharma, N. et Simon, D. P. et Diaz-Garza, A. M. et Fantino, E. et Messaabi, A. et Meddeb-Mouelhi, F. et Germain, H. et Desgagné-Penix, I. (2021). Diatoms biotechnology: various industrial applications for a greener tomorrow. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8 (106). ISSN 2296-7745 DOI 10.3389/fmars.2021.636613

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Résumé

The benefits of the complex microscopic and industrially important group of microalgae such as diatoms is not hidden and have lately surprised the scientific community with their industrial potential. The ability to survive in harsh conditions and the presence of different pore structures and defined cell walls have made diatoms ideal cell machinery to produce a variety of industrial products. The prospect of using a diatom cell for industrial application has increased significantly in synch with the advances in microscopy, metabarcoding, analytical and genetic tools. Furthermore, it is well noted that the approach of industry and academia to the use of genetic tools has changed significantly, resulting in a well-defined characterization of various molecular components of diatoms. It is possible to conduct the primary culturing, harvesting, and further downstream processing of diatom culture in a cost-effective manner. Diatoms hold all the qualities to become the alternative raw material for pharmaceutical, nanotechnology, and energy sources leading to a sustainable economy. In this review, an attempt has been made to gather important progress in the different industrial applications of diatoms such as biotechnology, biomedical, nanotechnology, and environmental technologies.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: diatoms microalgae biotechnology metabolic engineering metabarcoding sustainable biofuel lipids
Date de dépôt: 24 août 2021 13:02
Dernière modification: 24 août 2021 13:02
Version du document déposé: Version officielle de l'éditeur
URI: https://depot-e.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/9708

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