Motor adaptations to trunk perturbation: effects of experimental back pain and spinal tissue creep


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Abboud, J., Daneau, C., Nougarou, F., Dugas, C. et Descarreaux, M. (2018). Motor adaptations to trunk perturbation: effects of experimental back pain and spinal tissue creep. Journal of Neurophysiology, 120 (4). pp. 1591-1601. ISSN 0022-3077 1522-1598 DOI 10.1152/jn.00207.2018

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In complex anatomical systems, such as the trunk, motor control theories suggest that many motor solutions can be implemented to achieve a similar goal. Although reflex mechanisms act as a stabilizer of the spine, how the central nervous system uses trunk redundancy to adapt neuromuscular responses under the influence of external perturbations, such as experimental pain or spinal tissue creep, is still unclear. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize trunk neuromuscular adaptations in response to unexpected trunk perturbations under the influence of spinal tissue creep and experimental back pain. Healthy participants experienced a repetition of sudden external trunk perturbations in two protocols: 1) 15 perturbations before and after a spinal tissue creep protocol and 2) 15 perturbations with and without experimental back pain. Trunk neuromuscular adaptations were measured by using high-density electromyography to record erector spinae muscle activity recruitment patterns and a motion analysis system. Muscle activity reflex attenuation was found across unexpected trunk perturbation trials under the influence of creep and pain. A similar area of muscle activity distribution was observed with or without back pain as well as before and after creep. No change of trunk kinematics was observed. We conclude that although under normal circumstances muscle activity adaptation occurs throughout the same perturbations, a reset of the adaptation process is present when experiencing a new perturbation such as experimental pain or creep. However, participants are still able to attenuate reflex responses under these conditions by using variable recruitment patterns of back muscles. NEW & NOTEWORTHY The present study characterizes, for the first time, trunk motor adaptations with high-density surface electromyography when the spinal system is challenged by a series of unexpected perturbations. We propose that the central nervous system is able to adapt neuromuscular responses by using a variable recruitment pattern of back muscles to maximize the motor performance, even under the influence of pain or when the passive structures of the spine are altered

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: creep HD-Emg lumbar muscle pain spinal stability
Date de dépôt: 25 août 2021 13:43
Dernière modification: 25 août 2021 13:43
Version du document déposé: Post-print (version corrigée et acceptée)

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