Passive fuel cell/lithium-ion capacitor hybridization for vehicular applications


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Macias, A., El Ghossein, N., Trovão, J., Sari, A., Venet, P. et Boulon, L. (2021). Passive fuel cell/lithium-ion capacitor hybridization for vehicular applications. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46 (56). pp. 28748-28759. ISSN 0360-3199 DOI 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.06.126

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Electric recreational vehicles represent a new challenge in terms of power supply systems compared to the current light-duty electric vehicles, which achieve high performance and long-range. The recreational vehicles need to heed the limited dimension requirements while assuring the high requested power. This paper proposes an integration of Lithium-Ion Capacitor (LIC) with Fuel Cell (FC) without any power electronic device for a three-wheel electric motorcycle. Unlike other hybrid power supply systems, the proposed FC-LIC passive configuration is lighter, compact, more efficient, and simpler to implement. Due to the different impedance of the components the system is self-management, in which FC supplies the average power component and LIC operates as a low-pass filter. In this respect, a simulator is built based on experimental tests to study the system performance in terms of hydrogen consumption and FC degradation. Subsequently, the system is tested under three standard motorcycle driving cycles at three different FC system lifespan stages. The obtained results demonstrate that a passive topology can supply the requested power along different FC stages of life and reported just an increment of 12% of hydrogen consumption at the oldest condition compared to the new condition.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: electric motorcycle hybrid electric vehicle lithium-ion capacitor passive configuration PEMFC recreational vehicle
Date de dépôt: 24 août 2021 18:31
Dernière modification: 08 juill. 2022 04:00
Version du document déposé: Post-print (version corrigée et acceptée)

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