Unrelated fungal rust candidate effectors act on overlapping plant functions


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dos Santos, K. C. G., Pelletier, G., Séguin, A., Guillemette, F., Hawkes, J., Desgagné-Penix, I. et Germain, H. (2021). Unrelated fungal rust candidate effectors act on overlapping plant functions. Microorganisms, 9 (5). ISSN 2076-2607 DOI 10.3390/microorganisms9050996

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Rust fungi cause epidemics that threaten the production of important plant species, such as wheat and soy. Melampsora larici-populina (Mlp) causes the poplar rust and encodes at least 1184 candidate effectors (CEs) whose functions are poorly known. In this study, we sequenced the transcriptome and used mass spectrometry to analyze the metabolome of Arabidopsis plants constitutively expressing 14 Mlp CEs and of a control line to discover alterations leading to plant susceptibility. We found 2299 deregulated genes across the experiment. Genes involved in pattern-triggered immunity, such as FRK1, PR1, RBOHD, and WRKY33, as well as AUX/IAA genes were down-regulated. We further observed that 680 metabolites were deregulated in at least one CE-expressing transgenic line, with “highly unsaturated and phenolic compounds” and “peptides” enriched among down- and up-regulated metabolites. Interestingly, transgenic lines expressing unrelated CEs had correlated patterns of gene and metabolite deregulation, while expression of CEs belonging to the same family deregulated different genes and metabolites. Thus, our results uncouple effector sequence similarity and function. This supports that effector functional investigation in the context of their virulence activity and effect on plant susceptibility requires the investigation of the individual effector and precludes generalization based on sequence similarity.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: transcriptome metabolome plant-microbe interactions rust fungi effector biology Melampsora larici-populina
Date de dépôt: 24 août 2021 12:33
Dernière modification: 24 août 2021 13:02
Version du document déposé: Version officielle de l'éditeur
URI: https://depot-e.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/9706

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