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Superficial lumbar muscle recruitment strategies to control the trunk with delayed-onset muscle soreness

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Abboud, J. et Lessard, A. et Descarreaux, M. (2021). Superficial lumbar muscle recruitment strategies to control the trunk with delayed-onset muscle soreness. European Journal of Applied Physiology . ISSN 1439-6327 DOI 10.1007/s00421-021-04732-2

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Résumé

Purpose
The lumbar region offers various muscle recruitment strategies to achieve a task goal under varying conditions. For instance, trunk movement control can be reorganized under the influence of low back pain. How such task-modulation is obtained is not fully understood. The objective of this study was to characterize superficial lumbar muscle recruitment strategies under the influence of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) during unexpected trunk perturbations.
Methods
Healthy participants experienced a series of 15 sudden external perturbations with and without the influence of low back DOMS. During these perturbations, high-density surface electromyography was used to characterize recruitment strategies of superficial lumbar muscles, while kinematics sensors were used to characterize movements of the trunk. Lumbar muscle recruitment strategies, characterized by the amplitude of muscle activity amplitude, the latencies of the reflex activity and the spatial distribution of muscle activity, were compared across perturbations trials and with and without DOMS.
Results
An attenuation of lumbar muscle activity amplitude was observed across perturbation trials without DOMS, but not with DOMS. The spatial distribution of muscle activity was similar with and without DOMS. No significant changes in reflex activity latency and trunk flexion movement were observed.
Conclusions
Following an unexpected trunk perturbation under DOMS effects, trunk movement are controlled using two different superficial lumbar muscles control strategies: keeping a constant level of their overall muscle activity and using a variable muscle recruitment pattern.

Type de document: Article
Date de dépôt: 21 juin 2021 12:33
Dernière modification: 21 juin 2021 12:34
Version du document déposé: Post-print (version corrigée et acceptée)
URI: https://depot-e.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/9624

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