Characterization and modeling of a hybrid electric vehicle lithium-ion battery pack at low temperatures


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Jaguemont, J., Boulon, L. et Dubé, Y. (2016). Characterization and modeling of a hybrid electric vehicle lithium-ion battery pack at low temperatures. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 65 (1). pp. 1-14. ISSN 0018-9545 DOI 10.1109/TVT.2015.2391053

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Although lithium-ion batteries have penetrated hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and pure electric vehicles (EVs), they suffer from significant power capability losses and reduced energy at low temperatures. To evaluate those losses and to make an efficient design, good models are required for system simulation. Subzero battery operation involves nonclassical thermal behavior. Consequently, simple electrical models are not sufficient to predict bad performance or damage to systems involving batteries at subzero temperatures. This paper presents the development of an electrical and thermal model of an HEV lithium-ion battery pack. This model has been developed with MATLAB/Simulink to investigate the output characteristics of lithium-ion batteries over the selected operating range of currents and battery capacities. In addition, a thermal modeling method has been developed for this model so that it can predict the battery core and crust temperature by including the effect of internal resistance. First, various discharge tests on one cell are carried out, and then, cell's parameters and thermal characteristics are obtained. The single-cell model proposed is shown to be accurate by analyzing the simulation data and test results. Next, real working conditions tests are performed, and simulation calculations on one cell are presented. In the end, the simulation results of a battery pack under HEV driving cycle conditions show that the characteristics of the proposed model allow a good comparison with data from an actual lithium-ion battery pack used in an HEV. © 2015 IEEE.

Type de document: Article
Date de dépôt: 21 janv. 2020 20:40
Dernière modification: 21 janv. 2020 20:40
Version du document déposé: Post-print (version corrigée et acceptée)

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