Influences of a yoga intervention on the postural skills of the Italian short track speed skating team


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Brunelle, Jean-Francois, Blais-Coutu, Sebastien, Gouadec, Kenan, Bedard, Eric et Fait, Philippe (2015). Influences of a yoga intervention on the postural skills of the Italian short track speed skating team. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine, 6 . p. 23. ISSN 1179-1543 DOI 10.2147/OAJSM.S68337

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Introduction: In preparation for a short track speed skating season, eight men and seven women were given yoga sessions during an 8-week high volume training cycle. The sessions were planned according to the postural aspects specific to short track speed skating technical requirements. Three specific goals were selected for the intervention: 1) to observe whether the practice of yoga as postural training could improve the efficiency and the athlete's repertoire along the muscular synergies solicited in the short track speed skating specific technique
2) to enhance and diversify the motor time-on-task of athletes without changing the prescription of other training stimulus
and 3) to lower the risk of injury during periods with high volumes of training. Methods: A total of 36 sessions of yoga were given. Three postural tests were administered before and after the intervention with 14 angles analyzed. Non-parametric Wilcoxon test was used to compare angles' variations. Results: The 36 yoga sessions totalized 986 minutes of motor time-on-task, registering a proportion of 30% of the global motor time-on-task of the training cycle. Improvements were found in eleven of the 14 angles measured when comparing pre- and post-postural tests (P-value from 0.01 to 0.005). During the 8 weeks, excepting traumatic injuries due to short track speed skating accidents, no skaters suffered injuries linked to the high volume of training. Following the intervention, coaches noticed, following their on-ice feedbacks, an adjustment in the efficiency of the skating technique, in particular regarding hip dissociation. Conclusion: These results suggest that yoga could be inserted into out-of-season training cycles, even in a high volume training cycle. Planned with the decision training tools, it allows athletes to diversify their motor time-on-task by integrating a new functional range of generic movements with the solicitation of neuromuscular synergies related to the specificity of their sport. Keywords: conditioning, motor time-on-task, physical literacy, athletic development, decision training

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Yoga -- Health Aspects Athletes -- Injuries Speed Skating -- Injuries
Date de dépôt: 16 avr. 2019 19:04
Dernière modification: 16 avr. 2019 19:04
Version du document déposé: Version officielle de l'éditeur

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