Differential participation of plant ribosomal proteins from the small ribosomal subunit in protein translation under stress


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Fakih, Z., Plourde, M. B. et Germain, H. (2023). Differential participation of plant ribosomal proteins from the small ribosomal subunit in protein translation under stress. Biomolecules, 13 (7). Article 1160. ISSN 2218-273X DOI 10.3390/biom13071160

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Upon exposure to biotic and abiotic stress, plants have developed strategies to adapt to the challenges imposed by these unfavorable conditions. The energetically demanding translation process is one of the main elements regulated to reduce energy consumption and to selectively synthesize proteins involved in the establishment of an adequate response. Emerging data have shown that ribosomes remodel to adapt to stresses. In Arabidopsis thaliana, ribosomes consist of approximately eighty-one distinct ribosomal proteins (RPs), each of which is encoded by two to seven genes. Recent research has revealed that a mutation in a given single RP in plants can not only affect the functions of the RP itself but can also influence the properties of the ribosome, which could bring about changes in the translation to varying degrees. However, a pending question is whether some RPs enable ribosomes to preferentially translate specific mRNAs. To reveal the role of ribosomal proteins from the small subunit (RPS) in a specific translation, we developed a novel approach to visualize the effect of RPS silencing on the translation of a reporter mRNA (GFP) combined to the 5’UTR of different housekeeping and defense genes. The silencing of genes encoding for NbRPSaA, NbRPS5A, and NbRPS24A in Nicotiana benthamiana decreased the translation of defense genes. The NbRACK1A-silenced plant showed compromised translations of specific antioxidant enzymes. However, the translations of all tested genes were affected in NbRPS27D-silenced plants. These findings suggest that some RPS may be potentially involved in the control of protein translation.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Nicotiana benthamiana Arabidopsis thaliana Translation regulation Ribosomal proteins from the small subunit (RPS) VIGS 5′untranslated regions Transient expression Plant defense
Date de dépôt: 18 déc. 2023 14:09
Dernière modification: 18 déc. 2023 14:09
Version du document déposé: Version officielle de l'éditeur
URI: https://depot-e.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/11060

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