Can self-assessment and augmented feedback improve performance and learning retention in manual therapy: Results from an experimental study


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Pasquier, M., Memari, S., Lardon, A. et Descarreaux, M. (2023). Can self-assessment and augmented feedback improve performance and learning retention in manual therapy: Results from an experimental study. Chiropractic & Manual Therapies, 31 (1). p. 35. ISSN 2045-709X DOI 10.1186/s12998-023-00505-0

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The purpose of this study was to investigate how feedback and self-assessment strategies affect performance and retention of manual skills in a group of chiropractic students.

Seventy-five students participated in two spinal manipulation (SM) learning sessions using a force-sensing table. They were recruited between May and November 2022 during HVLA technical courses. Students were randomly assigned into three different groups: participants in group 1 received visual feedback, those in group 2 received visual feedback after self-assessment, and participants in group 3 (C) received no feedback. During the first session, participants started with one block of 3 familiarization trials, followed by two blocks of 6 SM HVLA (high velocity low amplitude) posterior-to-anterior thoracic SM trials, with 3 trials performed with a target force of 450 N and 3 others at 800 N. They received feedback according to their group during the first block, but no feedback was provided during the second block. All participants were invited to participate in a second session for the retention test and to perform a new set SM without any form of feedback.

Results showed that visual feedback and visual feedback in addition to self-assessment did not improve short-term SM performance, nor did it improve performance at the one-week retention test. The group that received visual feedback and submitted to self-assessment increased the difference between the target force and the peak force applied, which can be considered a decrease in performance.

No learning effects between the three groups of students exposed to different feedback and self-assessment learning strategies were highlighted in the present study. However, future research on innovative motor learning strategies could explore the role of external focus of attention, self-motivation and autonomy in SM performance training.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Motor skills Motor learning Spinal manipulation Feedback
Date de dépôt: 04 déc. 2023 18:38
Dernière modification: 04 déc. 2023 18:40
Version du document déposé: Version officielle de l'éditeur

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