Online unsupervised occupancy anticipation system applied to residential heat load management


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Rueda, L., Agbossou, K., Henao, N., Kelouwani, S., Oviedo-Cepeda, J. C., Le Lostec, B., Sansregret, S. et Fournier, M. (2021). Online unsupervised occupancy anticipation system applied to residential heat load management. IEEE Access, 9 . pp. 109806-109821. ISSN 2169-3536 DOI 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3098631

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Human preferences and lifestyles significantly impact buildings' energy consumption. Consequently, a better understanding of occupants' behavior is crucial to decrease energy consumption and maintain occupants' comfort. Occupant-centric control (OCC) strategies are effective approaches to fulfil such a purpose. As such, occupancy detection and prediction are of prime importance, particularly to manage Electric Space Heating (ESH) systems, due to the relatively slow dynamics of the temperature in dwellings. This paper proposes an Explicit Duration Hidden Markov Model (EDHMM) for unsupervised online presence detection and a hazard-based approach for occupancy prediction. Moreover, a control strategy using a cost function, weighted by occupancy predictions, and a load-shifting strategy based on time-varying electricity price are put forward. This work initially validates the consistency of the proposed approach by using synthetic data generated by a Monte Carlo simulation. Subsequently, the performance of our framework is compared with previous methods presented in the literature through experimental validation. Results demonstrate that the proposed EDHMM approach is efficient in detecting occupancy states. Besides, the results of the field implementation show the potential of the proposed control strategy to preserve occupants' thermal comfort while decreasing the heating energy consumption.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Occupant behavior Occupant-centric control Hidden markov models Survival analysis
Date de dépôt: 11 avr. 2023 21:05
Dernière modification: 11 avr. 2023 21:05
Version du document déposé: Version officielle de l'éditeur

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