Implementation strategies for knowledge products in primary healthcare: A systematic review of systematic reviews


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Uwizeye, C. B., Zomahoun, H. T. V., Bussières, A., Thomas, A., Kairy, D., Massougbodji, J., Rheault, N., Tchoubi, S., Philibert, L., Abib Gaye, S., Khadhraoui, L., Ben Charif, A., Diendéré, E., Langlois, L., Dugas, M. et Légaré, F. (2022). Implementation strategies for knowledge products in primary healthcare: A systematic review of systematic reviews. Interactive Journal of Medical Research, 11 (2). ISSN 1929-073X DOI 10.2196/38419

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BACKGROUND: The underuse or overuse of knowledge products leads to waste in healthcare, and primary care is no exception.

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize which knowledge products are frequently implemented, the implementation strategies used in primary care, and the implementation outcomes that are measured.

METHODS: We performed a systematic review of systematic reviews (SR) using the Cochrane systematic approach to include eligible SR. The inclusion criteria were: any primary care contexts; healthcare professionals and patients; any EPOC implementation strategies of specified knowledge products; any comparator; and any implementation outcomes based on the Proctor framework. We searched the Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, Ovid PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases from their inception to October 2019, without any restriction. We searched the references of the included SR. Pairs of reviewers independently performed selection, data extraction and methodological quality assessment with AMSTAR 2. Data extraction was informed by EPOC taxonomy for implementation strategies and the Proctor framework for implementation outcomes. We performed a descriptive analysis and summarized the results using a narrative synthesis.

RESULTS: Of the 11,101 records identified, 81 SR were included. Forty-seven SR involved healthcare professionals alone. Fifteen SR were of high or moderate methodological quality. Most of them addressed one type of knowledge product (56/81), common clinical practice guidelines (26/56) or management, and behavioural or pharmacological health interventions (24/56). Mixed strategies were used for implementation (67/81), predominantly educational-based (meetings in 60/81, materials distribution in 59/81, and academic detailing in 45/81), reminder (53/81) and audit and feedback (40/81) strategies. Education meetings (P=.13) and academic detailing (P=.11) seem to be more used when the population is composed of Healthcare professionals alone. The improvement of the adoption of knowledge products was the most commonly measured outcome (72/81). The evidence level was reported in 10/81 SR on 62 outcomes (including 48 improvement of adoption), of which 16 outcomes were of moderate or high level.

CONCLUSIONS: Clinical practice guidelines and management, behavioural or pharmacological health interventions are the most commonly implemented knowledge products through the mixed use of educational, reminders and audit and feedback strategies. There is need for a strong methodology for the SR of RCTs to explore their effectiveness and the whole cascade of implementation outcomes. CLINICALTRIAL: Not applicable.

Type de document: Article
Date de dépôt: 17 janv. 2023 18:37
Dernière modification: 17 janv. 2023 18:37
Version du document déposé: Version officielle de l'éditeur

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