Prevention of occupational diseases in small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises in QUEBEC (CANADA) – Study of prevention management practices


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Randrianarivelo, F., Badri, A., Gauthier, F. et Boudreau-Trudel, B. (2022). Prevention of occupational diseases in small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises in QUEBEC (CANADA) – Study of prevention management practices. International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering, 12 (3). pp. 279-289. ISSN 2041-9031 DOI 10.18280/ijsse.120302

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Prevention of accidents and occupational diseases plays a major role in the viability of small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises. However, occupational health and safety conditions in this setting are often precarious compared to large corporations, in which occupational diseases occur eight times less frequently. In a previous study [1], it has been identified, by reviewing the literature, the measures practiced by managers of businesses in this category in the province of Quebec in their efforts to decrease the incidence of occupational diseases. The initial research work reduced these measures to a catalog of elements of management. In the present article, the findings on the application of these elements will be presented, based on a survey of about 400 manufacturing businesses, of which 252 agreed to answer the questionnaire. The present article provides a descriptive statistic from the analysis of the responses. This work allowed to portray the strengths and deficiencies of occupational disease risk management practices in Quebec based on complete and valid responses from 32 small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Overall, this portrayal reflects a serious effort to take up the cause of occupational health and safety in this type of business. It nevertheless reveals room for improvement of the implementation of health and safety risk management systems, and prevention of musculoskeletal diseases and hearing loss, which were found to occur in respectively 63% and 25% of these companies. This work therefore recommends that these diseases be treated as a priority by researchers and expert practitioners of occupational health and safety.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Occupational health and safety Prevention Management Occupational diseases Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) Manufacturing Quebec (Canada) INRPME
Date de dépôt: 21 déc. 2022 19:01
Dernière modification: 21 déc. 2022 19:01
Version du document déposé: Version officielle de l'éditeur

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