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Effects of foot orthoses on the biomechanics of the lower extremities in adults with and without musculoskeletal disorders during functional tasks: A systematic review

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Moisan, G., Robb, K., Mainville, C. et Blanchette, V. (2022). Effects of foot orthoses on the biomechanics of the lower extremities in adults with and without musculoskeletal disorders during functional tasks: A systematic review. Clinical Biomechanics, 95 . Article 105641. ISSN 0268-0033 DOI 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2022.105641

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Résumé

Background
Foot orthoses are among the most commonly used external supports to treat musculoskeletal disorders. It remains unclear how they change the biomechanics of the lower extremities during functional tasks. This systematic review aimed to determine the effects of foot orthoses on primary outcomes (i.e., kinematics, kinetics and electromyography of the lower extremities) in adults with and without musculoskeletal disorders during functional tasks.
Methods
A literature search was conducted for articles published from inception to June 2021 in Medline, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane libraries and PEDro electronic databases. Two investigators independently assessed the titles and abstracts of retrieved articles based on the inclusion criteria. Of the 5578 citations, 24 studies were included in the qualitative synthesis as they reported the effects of foot orthoses on the primary outcomes. Risk of bias of included studies was determined using the modified Downs and Black Quality Index.
Findings
During low impact tasks, foot orthoses decrease ankle inversion and increase midfoot plantar forces and pressure. During higher impact tasks, foot orthoses had little effects on electromyography and kinematics of the lower extremities but decreased ankle inversion moments.
Interpretation
Even though the effects of foot orthoses on the biomechanics of the lower extremities seem task-dependent, foot orthoses mainly affected the biomechanics of the distal segments during most tasks. However, few studies determined their effects on the biomechanics of the foot. It remains unclear to what extent foot orthoses features induce different biomechanical effects and if foot orthoses effects change for different populations.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Foot orthoses Lower extremity Orthotic devices Electromyography Locomotion Biomechanical phenomena
Date de dépôt: 25 avr. 2022 12:30
Dernière modification: 25 avr. 2022 12:30
Version du document déposé: Post-print (version corrigée et acceptée)
URI: https://depot-e.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/10115

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