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Lower limb biomechanics during drop jump landing in individuals with chronic ankle instability

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Moisan, G., Mainville, C., Descarreaux, M. et Cantin, V. (2022). Lower limb biomechanics during drop jump landing in individuals with chronic ankle instability. Journal of Athletic Training . ISSN 1062-6050 DOI 10.4085/1062-6050-0399.21

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Résumé

ABSTRACT
Context: Individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) exhibit impaired lower limb biomechanics during unilateral drop jump landing on a flat surface. However, lower limb biomechanical adaptations during unilateral drop jump landing on more challenging surfaces such as unstable or inclined are yet to be described.
Objective: Determine how unilateral drop jump landing surfaces (flat, unstable and inclined) influence lower limb EMG, kinematics and kinetics in individuals with CAI.
Design: Descriptive laboratory study.
Setting: Biomechanics laboratory.
Patients or Other Participants: Twenty-two young adults with CAI
Interventions: Participants completed five trials of unilateral drop jump landing from a 46 cm height platform on flat (DROP), unstable (FOAM) and laterally inclined (WEDGE) surfaces.
Main outcome measure(s): EMG of gluteus medius, vastus lateralis, gastrocnemius medialis, peroneus longus and tibialis anterior muscles were recorded. Knee and ankle angles and moments were calculated using a three-dimensional motion analysis system and a force plate. Biomechanical variables were compared between tasks using one-dimensional statistical nonparametric mapping.
Results: During DROP, greater ankle dorsiflexion angles, knee extension moments and vastus lateralis muscle activity (FOAM only) were observed compared to FOAM and WEDGE. Greater ankle inversion angles were observed during FOAM and WEDGE compared to DROP. Peroneus longus muscle activity was greater during DROP compared to FOAM. During FOAM, greater ankle inversion and knee extension angles, ankle inversion and internal rotation moments as well as smaller peroneus longus muscle activity were observed compared to WEDGE.
Conclusions: The greater ankle inversion and plantarflexion angles as well as the lack of increase in peroneus longus muscle activation during FOAM and WEDGE could increase the risk of recurrent LAS in individuals with CAI. The results of this study improve our understanding of lower limb biomechanics changes when landing on more challenging surfaces and will help clinicians better targeting deficits associated with CAI during rehabilitation.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Electromyography Kinematics Kinetics Neuromechanics
Date de dépôt: 07 mars 2022 15:16
Dernière modification: 07 mars 2022 15:16
Version du document déposé: Version officielle de l'éditeur
URI: https://depot-e.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/10007

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