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Efficiency enhancement of an open cathode fuel cell through a systemic management

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Kandidayeni, M. et Macias, A. et Boulon, L. et Kelouwani, S. (2019). Efficiency enhancement of an open cathode fuel cell through a systemic management. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 68 (12). p. 11462-11472. ISSN 0018-9545 DOI 10.1109/TVT.2019.2944996

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Résumé

This paper addresses the design of a systemic management to improve the energetic efficiency of an open cathode proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) in a hybrid system. Unlike the other similar works, the proposed approach capitalizes on the usage of both thermal management strategy and current control to meet the requested power from the system by the minimum fuel consumption. To do so, firstly, an experimentally based 3D mapping is performed to relate the requested power form the PEMFC to its operating temperature and current. Secondly, the reference temperature which leads to gaining the demanded power by the minimum current level is determined to minimize the hydrogen consumption. Finally, the temperature control is formulated by an optimized fuzzy logic scheme to reach the determined reference temperature by acting on the cooling fan of the PEMFC system, whilst the current is being regulated by its controller. The inputs of the fuzzy controller are the PEMFC current and temperature error and the sole output is the duty factor of the fan. The proposed methodology is tested on an experimental test bench to be better evaluated in a real condition. The obtained results from the proposed systemic management indicate promising enhancement of the system efficiency compared to a commercial controller. The proposed method of this work is extendable and applicable in fuel cell hybrid electric vehicles.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: cathodes fans temperature hydrogen fuel cells fuel cell efficiency improvement fuzzy logic control optimization power mapping systemic management thermal management strategy
Date de dépôt: 22 janv. 2020 13:15
Dernière modification: 22 janv. 2020 13:15
Version du document déposé: Post-print (version acceptée)
URI: http://depot-e.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/9025

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