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Development and validation of a self-report measure assessing failures in the mentalization of trauma and adverse relationships

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Berthelot, N. et Savard, C. et Lemieux, R. et Garon-Bissonnette, J. et Ensink, K. et Godbout, N. (2021). Development and validation of a self-report measure assessing failures in the mentalization of trauma and adverse relationships. Child Abuse & Neglect . p. 105017. ISSN 0145-2134 DOI 10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105017

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Résumé

Background: The way people process trauma and adverse relationships may be more predictive of subsequent adaptation than trauma exposure in itself. However, there is currently no self-report instrument assessing failures in the mentalization of trauma and adverse relationships. Objective: We developed the Failure to Mentalize Trauma Questionnaire (FMTQ) and evaluated its psychometric properties. The FMTQ is a 29-item self-report instrument designed to assess different indications of failures in the mentalization of trauma and adverse relationships. Participants and setting A total of 975 participants (84 % women; 37 % exposed to child maltreatment) were recruited in the course of larger research protocols on parenting. Methods: Participants completed the FMTQ and measures of childhood maltreatment, psychopathology (post-traumatic stress symptoms, dissociative symptoms, level of personality dysfunction), general mentalization and intimate partner violence. Results: Exploratory factor analysis, supported by a confirmatory factor analysis, identified seven factors with good internal consistency that corresponded to different types of failures in the mentalization of trauma and adverse relationships and that loaded on a general factor. A dose-effect association was observed between the severity of childhood maltreatment, and the severity of failures in the mentalization of trauma and adverse relationships (rs = .49, p < .01). The FMTQ total score explained a significant proportion of variance in psychopathology and intimate partner violence, both in participants with histories of childhood maltreatment and participants without childhood maltreatment. Conclusion: The FMTQ is a promising, concise and efficient measure of failures in the mentalization of trauma and adverse relationships that may facilitate clinical screening and research with adults who experienced trauma.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: maltreatment abuse assessment questionnaire reflective function processing
Date de dépôt: 25 août 2021 13:00
Dernière modification: 25 août 2021 13:00
Version du document déposé: Version officielle de l'éditeur
URI: http://depot-e.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/9716

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