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Habiletés morphosyntaxiques des enfants sourds porteurs d’implants cochléaires: une revue systématique = Morphosyntactic skills in deaf children with cochlear implants: a systematic review

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Hallé, France et Duchesne, Louise (2015). Habiletés morphosyntaxiques des enfants sourds porteurs d’implants cochléaires: une revue systématique = Morphosyntactic skills in deaf children with cochlear implants: a systematic review. Revue canadienne d'orthophonie et d'audiologie, 39 (3). p. 260-297. ISSN 1913-200X

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Résumé

Thanks to an increasingly early implantation, the majority of children with cochlear implants (CCI) now succeed in reaching the standard with regards to overall language skills. However, some difficulties persist in morphology. This study therefore attempts to better understand morphosyntactic skills, the means to evaluate these skills and the tasks that provide a detailed description of same. In terms of methodology, a systematic review of the scientific literature published between 2000 and 2013 helped us identify 215 publications of which 18 studies analysed included children who received their implant before the age of 36 months. The results confirm the inferior performance in morphology by CCI’s, especially in the complex stages of grammatical development. Their typical errors, often omissions and substitutions, involve the less salient and more exacting morphemes with regards to perceptual, semantic, and grammatical processing, that is agreement markers for gender and number of determinants and clitic pronouns, as well as verbal flexions. Our study demonstrates that global tests, specialized tests, and questionnaires only provide a partial image of the difficulties in morphosyntax, such that the analysis of the spontaneous language still remains the best tool for the clinician to identify CCI’s real abilities and challenges. Future research should therefore attempt to develop standardised and more sensitive evaluation tools that are better adapted to the realities of CCI’s, leading to a more targeted and efficient intervention. © 2014 Canadian Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists. All rights reserved.

Type de document: Article
Date de dépôt: 23 juill. 2020 21:59
Dernière modification: 23 juill. 2020 21:59
Version du document déposé: Version officielle de l'éditeur
URI: http://depot-e.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/9245

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