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Fast tracking the design of theory-based KT interventions through a consensus process

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Bussières, André E. et Al Zoubi, Fadi et Quon, Jeffrey A. et Ahmed, Sara et Thomas, Aliki et Stuber, Kent et Sajko, Sandy et French, Simon (2015). Fast tracking the design of theory-based KT interventions through a consensus process. Implementation Science, 10 (1). p. 1-14. ISSN 1748-5908 DOI 10.1186/s13012-015-0213-5

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Résumé

Background: Despite available evidence for optimal management of spinal pain, poor adherence to guidelines and wide variations in healthcare services persist. One of the objectives of the Canadian Chiropractic Guideline Initiative is to develop and evaluate targeted theory- and evidence-informed interventions to improve the management of non-specific neck pain by chiropractors. In order to systematically develop a knowledge translation (KT) intervention underpinned by the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF), we explored the factors perceived to influence the use of multimodal care to manage non-specific neck pain, and mapped behaviour change techniques to key theoretical domains. Methods: Individual telephone interviews exploring beliefs about managing neck pain were conducted with a purposive sample of 13 chiropractors. The interview guide was based upon the TDF. Interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed by two independent assessors using thematic content analysis. A 15-member expert panel formally met to design a KT intervention. Results: Nine TDF domains were identified as likely relevant. Key beliefs (and relevant domains of the TDF) included the following: influence of formal training, colleagues and patients on clinicians (Social Influences); availability of educational material (Environmental Context and Resources); and better clinical outcomes reinforcing the use of multimodal care (Reinforcement). Facilitating factors considered important included better communication (Skills); audits of patients' treatment-related outcomes (Behavioural Regulation); awareness and agreement with guidelines (Knowledge); and tailoring of multimodal care (Memory, Attention and Decision Processes). Clinicians conveyed conflicting beliefs about perceived threats to professional autonomy (Social/Professional Role and Identity) and speed of recovery from either applying or ignoring the practice recommendations (Beliefs about Consequences). The expert panel mapped behaviour change techniques to key theoretical domains and identified relevant KT strategies and modes of delivery to increase the use of multimodal care among chiropractors. Conclusions: A multifaceted KT educational intervention targeting chiropractors' management of neck pain was developed. The KT intervention consisted of an online education webinar series, clinical vignettes and a video underpinned by the Brief Action Planning model. The intervention was designed to reflect key theoretical domains, behaviour change techniques and intervention components. The effectiveness of the proposed intervention remains to be tested. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Implementation Science is the property of BioMed Central and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: SPINAL cord diseases PREVENTION MEDICAL policy -- Social aspects PUBLIC health IMPLEMENTATION (Social action programs) CHIROPRACTIC NECK pain DIAGNOSIS CANADA Content analysis Intervention design Interviews Knowledge translation Multifaceted intervention Self-management Theoretical domains framework
Date de dépôt: 12 avr. 2019 18:49
Dernière modification: 12 avr. 2019 18:49
Version du document déposé: Version officielle de l'éditeur
URI: http://depot-e.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/8669

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